top of page

Subscribe Form

Thanks for submitting!


MICHAEL REDDELL: A few snippets from the IMF WEO

The IMF released its latest World Economic Outlook and associated forecast tables overnight. There is no reason to think the IMF is any better as a forecaster than anyone else (ie not very good at all) but they do look at a bunch of advanced countries all at the same time, against a common global backdrop, so it is still worth looking at how they see things here relative to those other advanced countries. A few charts follow.

(Here, as in various recent posts, I remove from the IMF advanced countries Andorra and San Marino (as too small to matter) and Hong Kong, Macao, and Puerto Rico (as not countries at all), and add in Poland and Hungary, both of which are OECD member countries and performing similarly economically to various central and eastern European countries the IMF includes in their advanced country grouping. That leaves a group of 38 countries, including New Zealand.)

First, we look at the Fund’s forecasts for real per capita GDP growth.

In calendar 2023

and calendar 2024 (I can’t highlight New Zealand – zero growth – but we are fifth from the right)

What about fiscal policy? The IMF has actuals and forecasts for the general government structural balance. We used to be better than most advanced countries. But that was then.

For calendar 2024 alone (for 2023 we are a couple of places less bad). These numbers seem very consistent with the IMF cyclically-adjusted primary deficit estimates in their recent Article IV review of New Zealand.

What of net general government debt?

We do still have government debt as a share of GDP less than the median advanced country, but that gap is closing fast. You’ve heard a lot in this election campaign about the pandemic: other countries had one too.

And what of the current account deficit? There is no right or wrong number for a current account deficit. Huge surpluses or huge deficits can both be symptoms of things going right or wrong. Context matters. In a country with rapid productivity growth and lots of business investment, catching up with the rest of world, really large deficits make sense. That was Singapore and South Korea in their earlier development phases, or 19th century New Zealand.

In 2023, New Zealand doesn’t have the largest deficit as a share of GDP, but it is close. (We had the third largest deficit last year and are still forecast to be second largest next year.)

All in all, it didn’t really make encouraging reading.

Michael Reddell spent 30+ years doing economic analysis and policy advice in a range of institutions, in New Zealand and overseas. Most of that time was at the Reserve Bank, where he ran a number of areas, including a spell as Head of Financial Markets, responsible for monetary policy implementation, foreign reserves management, and the analysis of financial system risks. This post was published at his blog Croaking Cassandra

Commenting on the same issue Rob MacCulloch writes:

Where's our media? Where are the IMF GDP figures out yesterday proving Hipkin's fabricated NZs rank?

On the front pages of the UK Times today it reports the latest IMF growth figures that came out yesterday, on 10th October. Just a few days ago our PM insisted on Mike Hosking's Newstalk ZB show that NZ's GDP growth numbers put us higher then "every country other than Japan". I couldn't work out what he was talking about. In the papers today in NZ I cannot find the IMF figures reported anywhere. So what do they (see link below) say about NZ's ranking. Are we second in the world after Japan, like the PM told Hosking? In 2023 the IMF ranks our GDP growth as 145th our of 173 countries, right near the bottom. As if that isn't bad enough, in 2024 it has put us at 168th, almost AT the bottom. We're still relying on the likes of Equatorial Guinea coming in behind us. Oh, and Sudan. Are the Business Editors at Newshub, Stuff & NZ Herald going to call the PM to account for his false claim on Newstalk ZB that our GDP growth put us ahead of "every country other than Japan"? It was misinformation on steroids. Hipkins is the guy who went berserk about misinformation about the Covid vaccine, yet I cannot conceive of a greater piece of misinformation than telling 5 million Kiwis a few days before a General Election our country is ranked top of the world on GDP growth figures when we're ranked almost bottom. How is he getting away with it?

Robert MacCulloch holds the Matthew S. Abel Chair of Macroeconomics at Auckland University. Rob blogs at Down To Earth Kiwi

2,560 views44 comments
bottom of page